The Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS) is an islandwide survey designed to provide communities a fresh look at how they are changing. It is a critical element in the Census Bureau's decennial census program. The PRCS collects information such as age, race, income, commute time to work, home value, veteran status, and other important data from Puerto Rico households. As with the 2010 decennial census, information about individuals will remain confidential.
The PRCS collects and produces population and housing information every year instead of every ten years. Collecting data every year provides more up-to-date information throughout the decade about the Puerto Rico population at the local community level. About 36,000 housing unit addresses are selected annually, across every municipio in Puerto Rico.
The PRCS produces 1-year estimates for geographic areas with a population of 65,000 or more, including the commonwealth, 12 municipios, 7 zonas urbanas and communidads, and 8 metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas.
The PRCS produces 3-year estimates for geographic areas with a population of 20,000 or more, including the commonwealth, 65 municipios, 16 zonas urbanas and communidads, among others.
In 2010, the Census Bureau released the first 5-year estimates for small areas. These first 5-year estimates are based on PRCS data collected from 2005 through 2009.
In 2006, the ACS sample was expanded to include the population living in group quarters. Group quarters include nursing homes, correctional facilities, military barracks, and college/university housing, among others.
The American Community Survey (ACS) is the equivalent of the PRCS for the United States (50 states and District of Columbia), and began data collection in 1996. Data results from both the ACS and the PRCS are released together as a unified American Community Survey dataset.